Regenerate Glasgow Centre Open Space by Implementing Bird-friendly Matrix

Urbanization is one of the most intensive landscape and habitat transformations, resulting in the loss of species and taxonomic and functional homogenization of different communities. Glasgow is a city with a high degree of urbanization. In the city of Glasgow, especially in the central area, the dense urban fabric dominated by commercial buildings and residential areas has become the urban context of Glasgow. If we look at Glasgow's open space distribution map, we can see that the open space in the city centre is fragmented and small, in large quantity but of low quality. Of course, we know that we should reactivate these broken green Spaces to increase the environmental, social and economic benefits of the city, but how to transform these various small public Spaces is also a common problem for everyone. My design intention was to explore changing these small public Spaces by creating small bird-friendly Spaces. From the perspective of human beings, birds are the most common wildlife in cities. Compared with other wild animals, birds are highly ornamental and have a long history of interaction with human beings. If birds are used as actors to create and attract citizens to go out of their homes and visit the public space, it can bring vitality and dynamism to the green space. From the perspective of birds, large contiguous habitats and green corridors are, of course, important and indispensable, but these numerous small public Spaces are rare green resources in dense urban buildings. These green fragments embedded in an urban matrix can serve as movement corridors and stepping stones for different bird species. It is important for birds, other wildlife, and people to protect habitats close to human habitation and bring birds to places in cities where people live, work, raise children, be educated, travel, and play. In the part of design analysis, I try to explore the most typical open Spaces or functional Spaces that have the potential to be transformed into open Spaces in the environment of the city centre of Glasgow and judge whether they are suitable to be transformed into bird-friendly Spaces and which birds and humans are suitable to serve. Thereafter, I selected the Abandoned Dock Area along the Clyde River and its opposite Car Park for the detailed design. Involving citizens in decision-making, use and maintenance, as well as increasing public interaction, providing a place for public education, and changing public attitudes towards birds was an important part of the design. To this end, I designed a brochure for community residents and bird lovers to introduce my project.

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